40 Basic Spanish Adjectives

40 Basic Spanish Adjectives to Enhance Your Vocabulary

Whether you’re a beginner or looking to expand your vocabulary, this blog will introduce you to 40 basic Spanish adjectives that you can start using today. 

Adjectives are an essential part of any language, allowing us to describe and express our thoughts and feelings about the world around us. In Spanish, mastering adjectives will greatly enhance your ability to communicate effectively. 

Let’s dive in!

Basic Spanish Adjectives

Spanish adjectives are words that are used to describe or modify nouns. They provide additional information about the noun, such as its characteristics, qualities, or attributes. Adjectives in Spanish agree in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) with the noun they modify. This agreement ensures that the adjective matches the noun it refers to.

Gender Agreement:

In Spanish, adjectives change their endings to agree with the gender of the noun they modify. If the noun is masculine, the adjective will end in -o, and if the noun is feminine, the adjective will end in -a. 

For example:

  • Un libro interesante (An interesting book) – libro (masculine)
  • Una película interesante (An interesting movie) – película (feminine)

Number Agreement:

Adjectives in Spanish also change their endings to agree with the number of the noun they modify. If the noun is singular, the adjective will remain in its base form. If the noun is plural, the adjective will end in -os for masculine nouns and -as for feminine nouns. For example:

  • Libros interesantes (Interesting books) – libros (masculine, plural)
  • Películas interesantes (Interesting movies) – películas (feminine, plural)

Position of Adjectives:

In Spanish, adjectives usually come after the noun they modify. However, some adjectives, such as those related to beauty, size, and age, can come before the noun. Here are a few examples:

  • Un perro grande (A big dog)
  • Una casa blanca (A white house)
  • Dos niños pequeños (Two small children)

Comparison of Adjectives:

Spanish adjectives can also be used to compare things or express degrees of a quality. There are three forms of comparison:

  • Positive: Expresses the basic quality of the noun. For example: alto (tall), rápido (fast).
  • Comparative: Compares two nouns or qualities. For example: más alto que (taller than), más rápido que (faster than).
  • Superlative: Expresses the highest degree of a quality. For example: el más alto (the tallest), el más rápido (the fastest).

It’s important to note that some adjectives have irregular forms in their comparative and superlative forms, so it’s helpful to familiarize yourself with these irregularities.

40 Basic Spanish Adjectives Master List

Frequency Number Spanish In English
1 Alto/a Tall
2 Bajo/a Short
3 Joven Young
4 Viejo/a Old
5 Delgado/a Thin
6 Gordo/a Fat
7 Bonito/a Pretty
8 Feo/a Ugly
9 Inteligente Intelligent
10 Tonto/a Silly
11 Grande Big
12 Pequeño/a Small
13 Rápido/a Fast
14 Lento/a Slow
15 Feliz Happy
16 Triste Sad
17 Enérgico/a Energetic
18 Cansado/a Tired
19 Interesante Interesting
20 Aburrido/a Boring
21 Hermoso/a Beautiful
22 Frío Cold
23 Divertido/a Fun/Funny
24 Serio/a Serious
25 Organizado/a Organized
26 Desordenado/a Messy
27 Paciente Patient
28 Impaciente Impatient
29 Simpático/a Friendly
30 Limpio Clean
31 Sucio Dirty
32 Saludable Healthy
33 Enfermo/a Sicky
34 Fuerte Strong
35 Débil Weak
36 Ruidoso Loud
37 Silencioso Silent
38 Tranquilo/a Calm
39 Emocionante Exciting
40 Satisfecho/a Satisfied

Practice Your Spanish!

Learning basic Spanish adjectives is a significant step towards improving your language skills. These 40 adjectives provide a solid foundation for describing people, objects, places, and emotions. 

Learning Spanish adjectives will significantly expand your vocabulary and enable you to describe the world around you more accurately. Practice using them in context to reinforce your understanding and fluency in the language.

Interested in learning Spanish? Our expert staff will get in touch within 24 hours, and you can start practicing your Spanish right away. Or sign up for a group class (online or in person) or test your level for free with our free quizzes.



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