Haber Conjugation in Spanish

Perfecting Auxiliary Verbs: A Deep Dive into Haber Conjugation in Spanish

(Has estado buscando una nueva lección de gramática?) Have you been looking for a new grammar guide? Well, you’re at the right place! Welcome to the “haber” conjugation in Spanish guide!

The verb “haber” is a fundamental and versatile verb in the Spanish language. It serves several important functions, and its usage can vary depending on the context. 

Haber is the Spanish verb denoting “to have.” What makes it exceptionally unique is its role as an auxiliary verb in compound tenses. As an auxiliary, it precedes the main verb in the sentence and serves to establish the tense or mood of the main verb.

Here are the primary uses of the verb “haber” in Spanish:

  • Auxiliary Verb:
    In its most common form, “haber” is used as an auxiliary verb to form compound tenses, such as the perfect tenses (present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect). In this role, it doesn’t have a specific meaning of its own but helps to convey actions that have been completed or will have been completed in relation to a particular point in time. 
  1. Impersonal “Haber”:
    “Haber” is also used in the impersonal form to indicate the existence or occurrence of something without specifying a subject. In this case, it is equivalent to the English expression “there is” or “there are.”
  2. Expressing Necessity or Obligation:
    “Haber” can be used to express necessity or obligation in the form of “hay que” or “haber que.” This usage implies that something must be done or is necessary. 
  3. Perfect Passive Voice:
    “Haber” is used to form the perfect passive voice in Spanish. When combined with the past participle of a verb, it indicates that an action has been performed on the subject.
  4. Literary and Archaic Usage:
    In older or more formal Spanish, “haber” is also used as a standalone verb to mean “to have” in a more general sense. This usage is less common in modern spoken Spanish but is still found in literature and formal writing.

Are you ready to learn more about the “haber” conjugation in Spanish? Check out this guide below with all the conjugation charts you need to know!


“Haber” Conjugation in Spanish Indicative / Indicativo

The indicative tense (el modo indicativo) is one of the three grammatical moods used to express different attitudes or purposes in speech. The indicative mood is used to make factual statements, ask questions, and express opinions about actions or events that are considered real or certain.

Present Tense Haber Conjugation / Presente

In its role as an auxiliary verb, haber, in the indicative present, is employed to create the “indicative present perfect” tense.

Yo He
Él/Ella/Usted Ha
Nosotros Hemos
Vosotros Habéis
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Han


  1. Yo he leído un libro. (I’ve read a book.)
  2. Tu has escrito una carta. (You have written a letter.)
  3. Nosotros hemos visto una película (We’ve seen a movie.)

Imperfect Haber Conjugation / Imperfecto

Functioning as an auxiliary verb, haber in the indicative imperfect is used to construct the “indicative past perfect” tense. 

In Spanish, the Indicative Imperfect is referred to as “El Pretérito Imperfecto.”

Yo Había
Él/Ella/Usted Había
Nosotros Habíamos
Vosotros Habíais
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Habían


  1. Yo había terminado mi tarea. (I had finished my homework.)
  2. Ella había llegado temprano a la reunión. (She had arrived early at the meeting.)
  3. Ustedes habían estudiado mucho para el examen. (You all had studied a lot for the exam.)

Future Tense / Futuro

In its role as an auxiliary verb, haber in the indicative future is employed to create the “indicative future perfect” tense.

Yo Habré
Él/Ella/Usted Habrá
Nosotros Habremos
Vosotros Habréis
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Habrán


  1. Tú habrás terminado el libro para mañana. (You will have finished the book by tomorrow.)
  2. Vosotros habréis viajado a muchos países. (You all will have traveled to many countries.)
  3. Nosotros habremos aprendido mucho para el próximo año. (We will have learned a lot by next year.)

Conditional / Condicional

The conditional tense is used to express hypothetical or speculative actions or events that would happen under certain conditions in the present or future.

Yo Habría
Él/Ella/Usted Habría
Nosotros Habríamos
Vosotros Habríais
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Habrían


  1. Él habría ganado la carrera si no se hubiera lastimado. (He would have won the race if he hadn’t gotten injured.)
  2. Yo habría estudiado más si hubiera tenido tiempo. (I would have studied more if I had had the time.)
  3. Ellas habrían comprado los boletos si hubieran tenido dinero. (They would have bought the tickets if they had had money.)

Haber Conjugation in Spanish

“Haber” Conjugation Subjunctive / Subjuntivo

The subjunctive tense (el modo subjuntivo) is one of the three grammatical moods used to express different attitudes or purposes in speech. The subjunctive mood is used to express doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity, emotion, and hypothetical situations.


Present Tense / Presente

The Spanish subjunctive present tense is used to express subjective actions, desires, doubts, recommendations, or possibilities, often introduced by certain triggers such as expressions of doubt, necessity, or influence.

Yo Haya
Él/Ella/Usted Haya
Nosotros Hayamos
Vosotros Hayáis
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Hayan


  1. Ojalá hayas entendido la lección. (I hope you have understood the lesson.)
  2. Dudo que yo haya terminado mi tarea a tiempo. (I doubt that I have finished my homework on time.)
  3. Espero que hayan llegado a tiempo para el evento. (I hope they have arrived on time for the event.)

Imperfect Haber Conjugation / Imperfecto

This tense is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions, desires, doubts, or recommendations in the past, often introduced by certain triggers such as expressions of doubt, uncertainty, or unreal conditions.

Yo Hubiera
Él/Ella/Usted Hubiera
Nosotros Hubiéramos
Vosotros Hubierais
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Hubieran


  1. Yo hubiera viajado más si hubiera tenido dinero. (I would have traveled more if I had had money.)
  2. Nosotros hubiéramos llegado a tiempo si no hubiera habido tráfico. (We would have arrived on time if there hadn’t been traffic.)
  3. Vosotros hubierais disfrutado de la fiesta si hubierais venido. (You all would have enjoyed the party if you had come.)

Future Tense / Futuro

The Spanish subjunctive future tense is used to express hypothetical or uncertain actions, desires, doubts, or recommendations in the future.

Yo Hubiere
Él/Ella/Usted Hubiere
Nosotros Hubiéremos
Vosotros Hubiereis
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Hubieren


  1. Cuando hubiere una decisión, se lo comunicaremos. (When there is a decision, we will inform you.)
  2. Si tú hubieres completado el proceso, estarás aprobado. (If you have completed the process, you will be approved.)
  3. Ellos se presentarán cuando hubieren terminado la construcción. (They will show up when they have finished the construction.)

Are you ready to take your Spanish to the next level?

Good job! Now know all about the “Haber” conjugation in Spanish.

Understanding the basic forms and common uses of “Haber” will provide a solid foundation for expressing various states and conditions in Spanish.

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