Estudiar Conjugation in Spanish

A Closer Look at Estudiar Conjugation in Spanish

It’s time to study the “estudiar” conjugation in Spanish!

Estudiar is the Spanish verb for “to study”. It is a regular AR verb, and one of the most popular 150 Spanish verbs.  As a regular verb, it means it follows a common conjugation pattern for verbs ending in -ar.

In today’s blog post, we’ll explain all the conjugations in Spanish for this verb and provide example sentences so you can understand how to use it properly.

Are you ready? Let’s dive right into it!

“Estudiar” Conjugation in Spanish Indicative / Indicativo

The indicative tense (el modo indicativo) is one of the three grammatical moods used to express different attitudes or purposes in speech. The indicative mood is used to make factual statements, ask questions, and express opinions about actions or events that are considered real or certain.

Present Tense Estudiar Conjugation / Presente

The present tense is used to describe actions happening in the present or to express general truths or habitual actions.

Yo Estudio
Él/Ella/Usted Estudia
Nosotros Estudiamos
Vosotros Estudiáis
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Estudian


  1. Yo estudio matemáticas. (I study mathematics.)
  2. Vosotros estudiáis ciencias. (You all study science.)
  3. Tú estudias español. (You study Spanish.)

Simple Past Estudiar Conjugation / Pasado 

The simple past tense (preterite) is used to describe completed actions in the past, often with specific time frames or events.

Yo Estudié
Él/Ella/Usted Estudió
Nosotros Estudiamos
Vosotros Estudiasteis
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Estudiaron


  1. Estudié toda la tarde para el examen de historia. (I studied all afternoon for the history exam.)
  2. Estudiamos juntos en la biblioteca. (We studied together in the library.)
  3. Estudiaron en diferentes países durante el semestre pasado. (They studied in different countries during the last semester.)

Imperfect Estudiar Conjugation / Imperfecto

Spanish imperfect tense is used to describe ongoing, repeated, or habitual actions in the past, as well as to set the stage or provide background information

Yo Estudiaba
Él/Ella/Usted Estudiaba
Nosotros Estudiábamos
Vosotros Estudiabais
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Estudiaban


  1. Estudiábamos cada tarde en la cafetería. (We used to study every afternoon in the cafeteria.)
  2. Estudiaba en la biblioteca todas las noches. (I used to study in the library every night.)
  3. Estudiabas con dedicación cada fin de semana. (You used to study with dedication every weekend.)

Present Continuous Estudiar Conjugation / Presente Continuo

The present continuous tense (also known as “estar + gerundio”) is used to describe actions that are currently happening in the present moment or to express temporary situations.

Yo Estoy estudiando
Estás estudiando
Él/Ella/Usted Está estudiando
Nosotros Estamos estudiando
Vosotros Estáis estudiando
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Están estudiando


  1. Estoy estudiando para el examen final que tendremos la próxima semana. (I am studying for the final exam we will have next week.)
  2. Estáis estudiando mucho para prepararos para el curso intensivo de verano. (You are studying a lot to prepare for the summer intensive course.)

Future Tense / Futuro

The Spanish future tense is used to express actions or events that will happen in the future, indicating something that has not yet occurred.

Yo Estudiaré
Él/Ella/Usted Estudiará
Nosotros Estudiaremos
Vosotros Estudiaréis
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Estudiarán


  1. Estudiarás en la universidad el próximo año. (You will study at the university next year.)
  2. Estudiará derecho para convertirse en abogado. (He will study law to become a lawyer.)
  3. Estudiarán juntos para el examen final. They will study together for the final exam.)

Conditional Estudiar Conjugation / Condicional

The conditional tense is used to express hypothetical or speculative actions or events that would happen under certain conditions in the present or future.

Yo Estudiaría
Él/Ella/Usted Estudiaría
Nosotros Estudiaríamos
Vosotros Estudiaríais
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Estudiarían


  1. Yo estudiaría más si tuviera más tiempo libre. (I would study more if I had more free time.)
  2. Usted estudiaría con más tranquilidad si el ambiente de estudio fuera más silencioso. (You would study more calmly if the study environment were quieter.)
  3. Nosotros estudiaríamos en grupo para apoyarnos mutuamente durante el curso. (We would study in a group to support each other throughout the course.)

Present Perfect / Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto

Spanish present perfect tense (also known as “pretérito perfecto compuesto”) is used to express actions that have occurred in the past but have a connection to the present, emphasizing the result or consequences of those actions.

Yo He estudiado
Has estudiado
Él/Ella/Usted Ha estudiado
Nosotros Hemos estudiado
Vosotros Habéis estudiado
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Han estudiado


  1. Has estudiado lo suficiente para aprobar el examen de matemáticas. (You have studied enough to pass the math exam.)
  2. Ha estudiado biología durante varios años y ahora es experto en el campo. (He has studied biology for several years and is now an expert in the field.)

Past Perfect Estudiar Conjugation / Pretérico Pluscuamperfecto

Spanish past perfect tense (also known as “pretérito pluscuamperfecto”) is used to describe actions that occurred before another past action or event, expressing a past-in-the-past relationship.

Yo Había estudiado
Has estudiado
Él/Ella/Usted Ha estudiado
Nosotros Hemos estudiado
Vosotros Habéis estudiado
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Han estudiado


  1. Había estudiado toda la tarde antes del examen. (I had studied all afternoon before the exam.)
  2. Habéis estudiado mucho para este proyecto en equipo. (You all have studied a lot for this group project.)
  3. Hemos estudiado todas las lecciones del libro de texto para la clase de ciencias. (We have studied all the lessons from the science textbook.)

Future Perfect / Futuro Perfecto

The Spanish future perfect tense is used to express actions that will have been completed in the future, indicating an action that will be finished before another specified future time or event.

Yo Habré estudiado
Habrás estudiado
Él/Ella/Usted Habrá estudiado
Nosotros Habremos estudiado
Vosotros Habréis estudiado
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Habrán estudiado


  1. Habrás estudiado lo suficiente para responder todas las preguntas del examen final. (You will have studied enough to answer all the questions on the final exam.)
  2. Habremos estudiado todos los temas relevantes para el proyecto antes de la presentación. (We will have studied all the relevant topics for the project before the presentation.)

Conditional Perfect / Condicional Perfect

The conditional perfect tense is used to express hypothetical or speculative actions that would have been completed in the past, indicating an action that would have happened prior to another past event.

Yo Habría estudiado
Habrías estudiado
Él/Ella/Usted Habría estudiado
Nosotros Habríamos uestudiado
Vosotros Habríais estudiado
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Habrían estudiado


  1. Usted habría estudiado más si no fuera por las circunstancias imprevistas. (You would have studied more if it weren’t for the unforeseen circumstances.)
  2. Ellos habrían estudiado en el extranjero si hubieran tenido la oportunidad. (They would have studied abroad if they had had the opportunity.)

Estudiar Conjugationin Spanish

“Estudiar” Conjugation in Spanish Subjunctive / Subjuntivo

The subjunctive tense (el modo subjuntivo) is one of the three grammatical moods used to express different attitudes or purposes in speech. The subjunctive mood is used to express doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity, emotion, and hypothetical situations.


Present Tense / Presente

The Spanish subjunctive present tense is used to express subjective actions, desires, doubts, recommendations, or possibilities, often introduced by certain triggers such as expressions of doubt, necessity, or influence.

Yo Estudie
Él/Ella/Usted Estudie
Nosotros Estudiemos
Vosotros Estudiéis
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Estudien


  1. Es mejor que estudies en las mañanas. (It is best if you study in the mornings.)
  2. Quisiera que usted estudie todos los martes. (I would like you to study every Tuesday.)
  3. El profesor sugiere que vosotros estudiéis para el examen. (The teacher suggests that you study for the exam.)

Imperfect / Imperfecto

This tense is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions, desires, doubts, or recommendations in the past, often introduced by certain triggers such as expressions of doubt, uncertainty, or unreal conditions.

Yo Estudiara
Él/Ella/Usted Estudiara
Nosotros Estudiaramos
Vosotros Estudiarais 
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Estudiaran


  1. Si yo estudiara, me iría mejor en las clases. (If I studied, I would do better in classes.)
  2. Si ustedes estudiaran juntos, podrían ahorrarse más tiempo. (If you studied together, you could save more time.)

Present Perfect / Pretérito Perfecto

Spanish subjunctive present perfect tense is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions, desires, doubts, or recommendations in the present with a connection to the past, indicating actions that would have been completed prior to the present moment.

Yo Haya estudiado
Hayas estudiado
Él/Ella/Usted Haya estudiado
Nosotros Hayamos estudiado
Vosotros Hayáis estudiado
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Hayan estudiado


  1. Espero que hayas estudiado lo suficiente para el examen. (I hope that you have studied enough for the exam.)
  2. Ojalá que hayáis estudiado bien para la presentación. (I hope that you all have studied well for the presentation.)
  3. Dudo que hayan estudiado todas las lecciones requeridas. (I doubt that they have studied all the required lessons.)

Past Perfect / Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto

Spanish subjunctive past perfect tense is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions, desires, doubts, or recommendations in the past with a connection to a previous past event, indicating actions that would have been completed before that past event.

Yo Hubiera estudiado
Hubieras estudiado
Él/Ella/Usted Hubiera estudiado
Nosotros Hubiéramos estudiado
Vosotros Hubierais estudiado
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Hubieran estudiado


  1. Si hubiera tenido más tiempo, hubiera estudiado más para el examen. (If I had had more time, I would have studied more for the exam.)
  2. Habrían obtenido mejores calificaciones si hubieran estudiado con más anticipación. (They would have received better grades if they had studied more in advance.)

“Estudiar” Conjugation in Spanish Imperative / Imperativo

The imperative tense (el modo imperativo) is one of the verb moods used to express commands, orders, or requests. It is used to tell someone what to do or what not to do.

Affirmative / Afirmativos

Spanish affirmative refers to the use of positive statements or expressions that indicate agreement, confirmation, or positive response to a question or statement.

Él/Ella/Usted Estudie
Nosotros Estudiemos
Vosotros Estudiad
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Estudien


  1. Estudia para el examen. (Study for the exam.)
  2. Estudiad juntos para mejorar vuestros resultados. (Study together to improve your results.)
  3. Estudiemos las lecciones antes de la clase. (Let’s study the lessons before the class.)

Negative / Negativos

Spanish negative refers to the use of negative statements or expressions that indicate negation, denial, or disagreement with a question or statement.

No estudies
Él/Ella/Usted No estudie
Nosotros No estudiemos
Vosotros No estudiéis
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes No estudien


  1. No estudies durante la noche antes del examen. (Don’t study during the night before the exam.)
  2. No estudien sin repasar el material primero. (Don’t study without reviewing the material first.)
  3. No estudie solo un tema; abarque varios para tener una comprensión completa. (Don’t study just one topic; cover several to have a comprehensive understanding.)

Study Your Spanish Lessons!

Good job! Now you know how to properly use the “Estudiar” conjugation in Spanish! 

Learning the conjugation of “Estudiar” improves our ability to communicate effectively and allows us to immerse ourselves more deeply in the rich and diverse Spanish-speaking cultures. 

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