Common Spanish adjectives

50 Most Common Spanish Adjectives

Exploring the 50 Most Common Spanish Adjectives

If you’re on a journey to bolster your Spanish vocabulary and wield language with precision, mastering Common Spanish Adjectives is an essential step. 

In this blog post, we’ll dive into the world of adjectives in Spanish, covering the four main types, providing example sentences, and offering tips on how to boost your Spanish vocabulary.

Learn more: 40 Basic Spanish Adjectives to Enhance Your Vocabulary

Types of Adjectives in Spanish

In Spanish, adjectives play a crucial role in describing nouns and providing more context to your sentences. There are four main types of adjectives to be aware of:

Descriptive Adjectives (Adjetivos Descriptivos)

These are the most common adjectives and are used to describe the characteristics of a noun. They agree in gender and number with the noun they modify. For example:

  • Gato peludo (Hairy cat)
  • Casa grande (Big house)

Demonstrative Adjectives (Adjetivos Demostrativos)

These adjectives indicate the proximity or location of a noun in relation to the speaker. They also agree on gender and number. Examples include:

  • Este coche (This car)
  • Esos libros (Those books)

Possessive Adjectives (Adjetivos Posesivos)

These adjectives show ownership or possession of a noun. They also agree in gender and number. For instance:

  • Mi hermano (My brother)
  • Nuestro perro (Our dog)

Quantitative Adjectives (Adjetivos Cuantitativos)

These adjectives express the quantity or number of nouns. They do not change in gender but may change in number. Examples include:

  • Muchos amigos (Many friends)
  • Pocas oportunidades (Few opportunities)

50 Most Common Spanish Adjectives


Number Spanish English
1 Abierto Open
2 Alto Tall
3 Bajo Short
4 Bueno Good
5 Malo Bad
6 Grande Big
7 Pequeño Small
8 Lento Slow
9 Rápido Fast
10 Caro Expensive
11 Barato Cheap
12 Joven Young
13 Viejo Old
14 Nuevo New
15 Corto Short
16 Largo Long
17 Abierto Open
18 Cerrado Closed
19 Guapo Handsome
20 Bonito Pretty
21 Feo Ugly
22 Rico Rich/Delicious
23 Pobre Poor
24 Limpio Clean
25 Sucio Dirty
26 Amable Kind
27 Divertido Fun
28 Aburrido Boring
29 Caliente Hot
30 Frío Cold
31 Gordo Fat
32 Delgado Thin
33 Seco Dry
34 Mojado Wet
35 Fácil Easy
36 Difícil Hard
37 Importante Important
38 Hermoso Beautiful
39 Grosero Rude
40 Inteligente Inteligent
41 Tonto Dumb
42 Vacío Empty
43 Lleno Full
44 Fuerte Strong
45 Débil Weak
46 Enfermo Sick
47 Sano Healthy
48 Dulce Sweed
49 Ácido Sour
50 Picante Spicy

After reading this list we recommend taking a look at our list of 100 most common Spanish verbs.

Improving Your Spanish Vocabulary

Improving your Spanish vocabulary is an ongoing process. Here are some tips to help you expand your word bank:

  • Read Widely: Reading books, newspapers, and articles in Spanish exposes you to a variety of vocabulary. Make a habit of reading something in Spanish daily.
  • Watch Spanish Media: Watching Spanish-language movies, TV shows, and news programs can help you pick up new words and phrases in context.
  • Use Flashcards: Create flashcards with new words, their meanings, and example sentences. Review them regularly to reinforce your memory.
  • Engage in Conversations: Practice speaking Spanish with native speakers or language partners. Conversations offer practical exposure to vocabulary.
  • Online Resources: Utilize online language learning platforms, apps, and courses that focus on vocabulary expansion.

Ready to Learn Spanish?

In conclusion, understanding the different types of common adjectives in Spanish and actively working to expand your vocabulary will undoubtedly enrich your language skills. By following the tips provided, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a more proficient Spanish speaker. ¡Buena suerte! (Good luck!)

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